Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD) are disorders of the jaw muscles, temporomandibular joints, and the nerves associated with chronic facial pain. When the complex system of muscles, bones, and joints do not work together in harmony, it may result in temporomandibular disorder.
What causes TMD?
The cause of this disorder is excessive strain on the muscle group that controls chewing, swallowing, and speech. This strain may be a result of bruxism or teeth grinding, or from a jaw injury.
What are the symptoms of TMD?
TM Disorders have many signs and symptoms. One of which is Pain in or around the ear, sometimes spreading to the face. However, each individual may experience symptoms differently.
Treatment for TMD
- medication and/or pain relievers
- soft diet
- ice and hot packs
- Orthopedic appliance or mouth guard worn in the mouth - to reduce grinding while you are sleeping